Model Car

Model Car

A model car or toy car is a miniature representation of an automobile. Other miniature motor vehicles, such as trucks, buses, or even ATVs, etc. are often included in the general category of model cars. Because many were originally sold as playthings, there is no precise difference between a model car and a toy car, yet the collector hobby became popular in the 1960s and precision detailed miniatures made specifically for adults are an increasing part of the market (Gibson 1970, p. 9; Johnson 1998, p. 5)


Miniature models of automobiles first appeared as slush cast plaster or iron toys made in the early decades of the 1900s.  Tin and pressed steel cars, trucks, and military vehicles followed in the 1930s and 1940s. Casting vehicles in various alloys, usually zinc (called zamac or mazac), also started during these decades and came on strong particularly after World War II.

Post war, the zinc alloy vehicles became ever more popular in Europe in particular. While diecast metal cars were seen in America they were often simple, while plastics also surged and became prominent. Tin and pressed steel came to Japan, rather late, during the 1950s and 1960s, and that country quickly moved into diecast by the 1970s. Today, China, and other countries of Southeast Asia are the main producers of diecast metal European, American, and Japanese companies.

Fabricating the ‘real’ thing

Many model cars were not intended either for toys or for collecting. As early as the 1930s and perhaps earlier, the manufacturers of real automobiles would design and construct scale and full-sized models to plan new products or promote the company. Sometimes styling or concept models were made out of wood or clay (see Ford Motor Company 1953). Models could also be precise replicas crafted out of the same materials as the real vehicle. Around 1930, Hudson made twelve precisely crafted 1/4 scale replicas of its 1932 vehicles for promotion at the 1932 New York Auto Show (see Hudson display models). About the same time, Studebaker made a wooden model of a cabriolet over twice the size of the real car! The vehicle was large enough to hold a whole band that played mostly for photo shoots as the car could not be easily moved around (Quinn 2004). As time went by some companies even made their own models or toys attracting the next generation to their products. Citroen of France, for example, made its own metal toys as early as the 1930s (Force 1991, p. 105).

What sizes?

The scales of toy and model cars vary according to historical precedent as well as market demand. Many in house models were made full size, or at very large scales like 1:5, 1:8, or 1:10. At the opposite end of the scale, many European pre-war cars and trucks were subservient to railroad layouts, making 1:87 (a little over an inch) or 1:43 (about 4 inches long) common scales. Some companies went smaller to appeal to the hands of smaller children (about 1:60 scale or about 3 inches), while improving profit margins in packaging more items per carton. Later, popular scales went larger. In the states, 1:25 (6 to 7 inches) became the staple size for plastic promotional models, while European manufacturers went to 1:24 or 1:18 (about 9 inches long).

Materials and Markets

Collectors of model cars often travel all over the world to visit trade shows and find new examples for their collections. Toys in the United States almost always were simpler castings of zinc alloy (zamac), pressed steel or plastic (castings of only 7 parts — a car body, 4 plastic wheels and two axles) – while complex zamac models in Europe often had precision detail with more working features. This provides instruction on different regions of the world and their varied cultures, markets, and economies.

Europe quickly developed niche marketing after World War II. The greater availability of labor there generally allowed the development of relatively complex toys to serve different markets in different countries. In the United States, thinner labor would not allow complex toys with opening doors, hoods, and complete interiors with all detail, so they were often single castings with few parts. Sophistication in America did come in the form of promotional modeling for automotive dealerships which preceded the appearance of automotive kits for assembly. Take a look at modern model cars on the Corgi collectibles site and find out how to collect model cars on the Collectors Weekly site.

What Makes a Good Car Model?

Making of car model is a viable business. The automobile industry has always been in its transformative phase which is a trend that does not seem to come to its end any soon. This is attributed to the fact that there will always be a demand for new cars as long as technology is dynamic. It is clear that technology shapes the trends in car and determines the next car model because companies in this industry are competing to manufacture cars that will accommodate all the aspects of the latest technology. However, you do not have to awn your own car manufacturing industry to participate. A part from producing cars, there is also the need to produce models which act as guide to the car manufacturing companies.

Before you venture in making of car models aiming at selling them to car manufacturers of as toys, you need to know what is involved and what is actually needed by the market. This is because you will not be the first one to venture in this line. Car modeling can be traced back in 1900. This means that you need to know exactly what makes a good car model. Take a look at the following suggestions:

Up to Date

No one wants to make a car that is out of fashion. Not only does this takes us back several decades back but also shows lack of originality. However, you can use an earlier car model with some aspects of modern touch. This can include the early shape of Ford but with automatic drive.

Creativity and Imagination

Although there are technicality and science involved in cars, there is also the artistic aspect. Ty to be artistic by imagining and creating things in cars that were not there before, otherwise you will not be relevant and conspicuous.

Succeeding in The Business of Car Modelling

As a business car modeling is fulfilling because you have two types of markets. One, you can target parents and children, by producing car models as toys, the second market is the original intent of car modeling that dates back in the 1900s. This is making of car models as miniature cars that are aimed at aiding car manufacturers in manufacturing of cars. Whatever market you choose to fulfill its demand, there are considerations and things that you need. Here are some of these things

A website

This is the ultimate selling point for most businesses today. If you do not own a website, then you have not yet gotten to this century. A website creates the best and the convenient platform for customers and sellers to interact and share ideas. Remember you are selling models to companies that are in different continents. You should therefore take advantage of the internet and own a website where you will showcase your models to buyers. This also applies when you want to sell them as toys. Parents and children can order the toys having communicated with you directly.


For you to stand out in whatever thing you do, you have to be different and unique. This means that you will need to be well conversant with car models. This calls for research and a serious sense of observation so that you are able to predict on the next most sort out model or thing in your line of business.

Problem Solving

It is just recent that there was a launch of a car that parks itself. As a car modeler, you should be able to solve some of the problems that drivers have. This is achievable by putting yourself in their shoes. As a matter of fact, these problems are not so much unique. Try to solve your own problems and you shall have solved those of others.

Safety Precautions when using car models

Children are said to be innocent a fact that is quite an opinion because children can be quite canning. You have probably come home only to find a collection of toys on the floor. This can be very dangerous because they can make you fall badly. This is not the only unsafe thing that toys can bring to your home. Car models are good toys for your children but they can still cause a problem. The following are some safe measures that you should take when using car models:

Make sure you read the safety precautions

Ignorance is always no fence. In this case, it is unfortunate that most parents do not read safety precautions on the toy packet let alone paying attention to them. This is very dangerous because in most cases, there are clear descriptions on storage use and disposal methods which when ignored can harm your child.

Ensure that the car models are strong and durable
This perfectly applies to those big car models that children can sit on. These can be dangerous to children if they brake.

Look for sharp edges

Sharp edges can be lethal. They can cut and harm your child. Make sure the edges and the hinges on the car door are fitted with a rubber bumper to prevent pinches.

Age appropriateness

It is not advisable to assume that your toddler is big or wise enough to use a big car model. Buy appropriate car models for your child’s age.

Electric Cars

These are fun cars that are only responsible and older kids can use. Care should be taken both when buying and when using them. Faulty connections of wires and loose joints could be very dangerous. These can cause shock or burn. You should therefore be careful when buying them.

Safety Measures When Making and Using Candles

Candle making has become a fashionable exercise rather than buying. With a lot of information online on how to make candles, more and more people are appreciating the art of making candles. The fact that you can have candles made of your own will design and aspiration has been the drive.

It is interesting to see how people love to be original and candle making can be the best avenue for bringing out this originality and identity. However, my worry and that of many is the safety. While some who want to make candles professionally have workshops, some armatures make them at home where there are children. Now this is dangerous.
Whether you are making them at home or in a workshop, you still need to be careful and observe the following safety measures:

Handling hot vessels

We use pots to make candle. When melting them, take care of your hands by using a pot holders, pliers or fire gloves.
Make sure you have a fire extinguisher with you. This is not a simple and playful exercise. Remember you are heating wax at more than 100 degrees. Spills and general accidents are normal occurrences that you should expect. A pot or tin lid is helpful in case of spills while a fire extinguisher is handy in case of burn.

Keep vigil of the and do not multitask
You can multitask in other things and certainly not in heating candle. Be there to observe and be set while heating candle. This is one of those exercises that you need to give 100% concentration because it is flammable and hot.

Heat in a well ventilated room and do not overheat
Overheating is a problem to most candle makers. It is very dangerous because wax can light when overheated.